Students

Nanotechnology Vocabulary

Words Meanings
Atom a tiny piece of anything the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
Atomic number the order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements; equal to the number of protons in the nucleus or electrons in the neutral state of an atom of an element
Words Meanings
Boiling point the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level
Brittleness firm but easily broken
Words Meanings
Centimeter a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter
Compound a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts. a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Chemical changes any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
Conductor a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
Condensation the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state
Chemical properties a property used to characterize materials in reactions that change their identity
Words Meanings
Digital of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits; "digital computer"
Download transfer a file or program from a central computer to a smaller computer or to a computer at a remote location
Distance the property created by the space between two objects or points
Ductility the malleability of something that can be drawn into threads or wires or hammered into thin sheets
Density the amount per unit size
Words Meanings
Evaporation the process of becoming a vapor
Element an abstract part of something an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up
Elasticity the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed
Electron an elementary particle with negative charge
Words Meanings
Flexible capable of being changed able to adjust readily to different conditions
Words Meanings
Gas a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely
Words Meanings
Insulator a material such as glass or porcelain with negligible electrical or thermal conductivity
Information a message received and understood
Words Meanings
Kilometer a metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters (or 0.621371 miles)
Words Meanings
Liquid the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
Length size of the gap between two points a section of something that is long and narrow
Laboratory a workplace for the conduct of scientific research
Words Meanings
Monitor A cathode-ray tube used for display (as of television pictures or computer information)
Micrometer a metric unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter
Millimeter a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter
Meter the basic unit of length adopted under the System International any of various measuring instruments for measuring a quantity
Matter that which has mass and occupies space; "physicists study both the nature of matter and the forces which govern it"
Mixture a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together 
Molecule the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
Melting point the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid
Metals a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten
Words Meanings
Nanometer a metric unit of length equal to one billionth of a meter
Neutron an elementary particle with 0 charge and mass about equal to a proton; enters into the structure of the atomic nucleus
Nucleus the positively charged dense center of an atom
Non-metals a chemical element lacking typical metallic properties
Words Meanings
Opaque not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy
Orbit the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom
Words Meanings
Processor the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing
Physical properties any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
Physical changes a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition
Proton a stable particle with positive charge equal to the negative charge of an electron
Words Meanings
Solid the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape
Software written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory
Strong having strength or power greater than average or expected
Words Meanings
Time an instance or single occasion for some event
Transparent transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity
Words Meanings
Volume the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object
Words Meanings
Website a computer connected to the internet that maintains a series of web pages on the World Wide Web
Waterproof not permitting the passage of water any fabric resistant to water
Words Meanings
Atom a tiny piece of anything the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
Atomic number the order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements; equal to the number of protons in the nucleus or electrons in the neutral state of an atom of an element
Brittleness firm but easily broken
Boiling point the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level
Centimeter a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter
Compound a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts. a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
Chemical changes any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved
Conductor a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
Condensation the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state
Chemical properties a property used to characterize materials in reactions that change their identity
Digital of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits; "digital computer"
Download transfer a file or program from a central computer to a smaller computer or to a computer at a remote location
Distance the property created by the space between two objects or points
Ductility the malleability of something that can be drawn into threads or wires or hammered into thin sheets
Density the amount per unit size
Evaporation the process of becoming a vapor
Element an abstract part of something an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up
Elasticity the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed
Electron an elementary particle with negative charge
Flexible capable of being changed able to adjust readily to different conditions
Gas a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely
Insulator a material such as glass or porcelain with negligible electrical or thermal conductivity
Information a message received and understood
Kilometer a metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters (or 0.621371 miles)
Liquid the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
Length size of the gap between two points a section of something that is long and narrow
Laboratory a workplace for the conduct of scientific research
Monitor A cathode-ray tube used for display (as of television pictures or computer information)
Micrometer a metric unit of length equal to one millionth of a meter
Millimeter a metric unit of length equal to one thousandth of a meter
Meter the basic unit of length adopted under the System International any of various measuring instruments for measuring a quantity
Matter that which has mass and occupies space; "physicists study both the nature of matter and the forces which govern it"
Mixture a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together 
Molecule the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
Melting point the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid
Metals a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten
Nanometer a metric unit of length equal to one billionth of a meter
Neutron an elementary particle with 0 charge and mass about equal to a proton; enters into the structure of the atomic nucleus
Nucleus the positively charged dense center of an atom
Non-metals a chemical element lacking typical metallic properties
Opaque not transmitting or reflecting light or radiant energy
Orbit the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom
Processor the part of a computer (a microprocessor chip) that does most of the data processing
Physical properties any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
Physical changes a change from one state (solid or liquid or gas) to another without a change in chemical composition
Proton a stable particle with positive charge equal to the negative charge of an electron
Solid the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape
Software written programs or procedures or rules and associated documentation pertaining to the operation of a computer system and that are stored in read/write memory
Strong having strength or power greater than average or expected
Time an instance or single occasion for some event
Transparent transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity
Volume the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object
Website a computer connected to the internet that maintains a series of web pages on the World Wide Web
Waterproof not permitting the passage of water any fabric resistant to water